Pedestrians and bicyclists share the Bay Area’s streets and roads with cars, trucks and buses.
To make urban roadways more bike- and pedestrian-friendly, a new design approach known as Complete Streets has emerged over the past decade.
While there is no standard template, common elements typically include:
- Bike lanes
- Sidewalk bike racks
- Transit stops
- Pedestrian signals
- Street trees
- Curb ramps
By incorporating these elements into Complete Streets, MTC and other transportation agencies help ensure that people of all ages and abilities can use the street safely.
MTC has long embraced the Complete Streets concept.
The Commission adopted a resolution in 2006 to accommodate travelers who walk and bike as part of project planning and design work.
This led to development of a Complete Streets checklist which Bay Area cities and counties must use when they apply for regional funding.
In 2008 Caltrans recognized biking, walking and transit as integral elements of the state transportation system.
A Federal Highway Administration review found pedestrian safety is improved by:
- Streets with sidewalks
- Raised medians
- Optimal bus stop placement
- Traffic-calming measures
- Accommodations such as curb ramps for disabled travelers
The cost of upgrading to a Complete Street can vary widely from project to project.
On average, costs for Complete Streets projects tend to run 15 percent to 25 percent higher than for projects without these enhancements.
This includes both pavement elements such as a bike lane, and non-pavement elements such as street furniture and plantings.