Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) Grants
Bay Area surface transportation projects can compete for their share of roughly $140 billion in grant funding authorized by the 2021 Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL).
Competing for Federal Grants
Bay Area transportation projects large and small could move from plan to completion with competitive grant funding from the 2021 Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, known as the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL). In addition to huge dollar amounts, the focus of the grant programs reflects many of the Plan Bay Area 2050 priorities, and in general, the selection criteria are Bay Area-friendly.
Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) Grants at a Glance
The infrastructure bill authorizes $140 billion in new grant funding for which Bay Area surface transportation projects can compete. Of this, roughly $100 billion is guaranteed, with the rest dependent on allocations from future federal spending bills.
The U.S. Department of Transportation will distribute funds over five years through more than two dozen targeted competitive grant programs. The many programs aim to achieve varying goals, everything from reducing traffic congestion to advancing equity. This means that grants could fund a wide range of Bay Area projects.
Grant categories include:
- Transit and intercity rail expansion and modernization: $50 billion-$70 billion
- Mobility and goods movement projects of national significance: $16 billion-$26 billion
- Safety, equity, resilience and other local priority projects: $16 billion-$25 billion
- Highways and bridges: $17 billion-$20 billion
BIL Discretionary Grant Programs: Targets for Bay Area Surface Transportation Projects
|Category||Program Name||Authorized Funding Amount (In Millions)||Guaranteed Funding Amount (In Millions)||Description||New|
|Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization||Capital Investment Grants*||$23,000||$18,000||Major Transit Capital Projects||No|
|Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization||Federal-State Partnership for Intercity Passenger Rail (Outside Northeast Corridor)||$19,500||$12,000||Intercity Rail Rehab, Improvement, Expansion||Revised|
|Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization||Consolidated Rail Infrastructure and Safety Improvements (CRISI)||$10,000||$5,000||Intercity Rail Safety, Efficiency, Reliability||No|
|Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization||Railroad Crossing Elimination Program||$5,500||$3,000||Railway Grade Separation Projects||Yes|
|Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization||Low- and Zero-Emission Bus Program||$5,600||$5,600||Low-No Emission Bus Fleets and Infrastructure||No|
|Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization||All Stations Accessibility Program||$1,750||$1,750||Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Rail Station Improvements||Yes|
|Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization||Competitive Grants for Rail Vehicle Replacement||$1,500||$1,500||Rail Rolling Stock||Yes|
|Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization||Discretionary Bus and Bus Facilities||$2,341||$2,341||Bus and Bus Facility Procurements||No|
|Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization||Electric or Low-Emitting Ferry Program||$500||$250||Low-No Emission Ferries/Retrofits||Yes|
|Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization||Federal Transit Administration Discretionary Ferry Program||$150||$150||Low-No Emissions Ferries/Retrofits||No|
|Nationally Significant Mobility & Goods Movement||National Infrastructure Project Assistance||$15,000||$5,000||Major Projects over $500M (With Exceptions)||Yes|
|Nationally Significant Mobility & Goods Movement||INFRA||$8,000||$8,000||Highway Freight, Rail Grade Separations||No|
|Nationally Significant Mobility & Goods Movement||Port Infrastructure Development Program||$2,250||$2,250||Various Port Safety/Reliability/Efficiency Projects||No|
|Nationally Significant Mobility & Goods Movement||Reduce Truck Emissions at Port Facilities||$400||$400||Port Emissions Reductions Projects||Yes|
|Nationally Significant Mobility & Goods Movement||Congestion Relief Program||$250||$250||Deployment and Operation of Congestion Management Strategies||Yes|
|Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects||RAISE (Local & Regional Project Assistance)||$15,000||$7,500||Local and Regional Surface Transportation Priorities||No|
|Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects||Safe Streets & Roads for All||$6,000||$5,000||Vision Zero Planning and Implementation||Yes|
|Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects||PROTECT Resilience Grants||$1,400||$1,400||Transportation Resilience Planning and Project Implementation||Yes|
|Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects||Reconnecting Communities||$1,000||$1,000||Removing or Retrofitting Highways to Restore Community Connectivity||Yes|
|Bridge & Highway||Rural Surface Transportation Grant Program||$2,000||$2,000||Road and Bridge Projects Outside UZAs Greater than $200,000||Yes|
|Bridge & Highway||Charging and Fueling Infrastructure Grants||$2,500||$2,500||Alternative Fueling Infrastructure||Yes|
|Bridge & Highway||Bridge Investment Program||$15,800||$12,500||Bridge Replacement, Rehab, Preservation, Protection||Yes|
|Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects||SMART Grants||$1,000||$500||Demonstration Projects Utilizing Innovative Technology to Improve Transportation Efficiency and Safety||Yes|
|Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects||Intelligent Transportation Systems Program||$550||$550||Intelligent Transportation Systems Projects, Including Connected/Autonomous Vehicles||No|
|Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects||Wildlife Crossings Pilot Program||$350||$350||Road Safety Program to Mitigate Wildlife-Vehicle Collisions||Yes|
* This assumes Congress maintains its historic commitment of approximately $2 billion per year in annual appropriations; Supplemental $8 billion in upfront stimulus.