Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) Grants

Bay Area surface transportation projects can compete for their share of roughly $140 billion in grant funding authorized by the 2021 Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL).

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Competing for Federal Grants

Bay Area transportation projects large and small could move from plan to completion with competitive grant funding from the 2021 Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, known as the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL). In addition to huge dollar amounts, the focus of the grant programs reflects many of the Plan Bay Area 2050 priorities, and in general, the selection criteria are Bay Area-friendly.

Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) Grants at a Glance

The infrastructure bill authorizes $140 billion in new grant funding for which Bay Area surface transportation projects can compete. Of this, roughly $100 billion is guaranteed, with the rest dependent on allocations from future federal spending bills.

The U.S. Department of Transportation will distribute funds over five years through more than two dozen targeted competitive grant programs. The many programs aim to achieve varying goals, everything from reducing traffic congestion to advancing equity. This means that grants could fund a wide range of Bay Area projects.

Grant categories include:

  • Transit and intercity rail expansion and modernization: $50 billion-$70 billion
  • Mobility and goods movement projects of national significance: $16 billion-$26 billion
  • Safety, equity, resilience and other local priority projects: $16 billion-$25 billion
  • Highways and bridges: $17 billion-$20 billion

BIL Discretionary Grant Programs: Targets for Bay Area Surface Transportation Projects

Category Program Name Authorized Funding Amount (In Millions) Guaranteed Funding Amount (In Millions) Description New
Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization Capital Investment Grants* $23,000 $18,000 Major Transit Capital Projects No
Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization Federal-State Partnership for Intercity Passenger Rail (Outside Northeast Corridor) $19,500 $12,000 Intercity Rail Rehab, Improvement, Expansion Revised
Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization Consolidated Rail Infrastructure and Safety Improvements (CRISI) $10,000 $5,000 Intercity Rail Safety, Efficiency, Reliability No
Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization Railroad Crossing Elimination Program $5,500 $3,000 Railway Grade Separation Projects Yes
Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization Low- and Zero-Emission Bus Program $5,600 $5,600 Low-No Emission Bus Fleets and Infrastructure No
Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization All Stations Accessibility Program $1,750 $1,750 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Rail Station Improvements Yes
Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization Competitive Grants for Rail Vehicle Replacement $1,500 $1,500 Rail Rolling Stock Yes
Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization Discretionary Bus and Bus Facilities $2,341 $2,341 Bus and Bus Facility Procurements No
Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization Electric or Low-Emitting Ferry Program $500 $250 Low-No Emission Ferries/Retrofits Yes
Transit & Intercity Rail Expansion and Modernization Federal Transit Administration Discretionary Ferry Program $150 $150 Low-No Emissions Ferries/Retrofits No
Nationally Significant Mobility & Goods Movement National Infrastructure Project Assistance $15,000 $5,000 Major Projects over $500M (With Exceptions) Yes
Nationally Significant Mobility & Goods Movement INFRA $8,000 $8,000 Highway Freight, Rail Grade Separations No
Nationally Significant Mobility & Goods Movement Port Infrastructure Development Program $2,250 $2,250 Various Port Safety/Reliability/Efficiency Projects No
Nationally Significant Mobility & Goods Movement Reduce Truck Emissions at Port Facilities $400 $400 Port Emissions Reductions Projects Yes
Nationally Significant Mobility & Goods Movement Congestion Relief Program $250 $250 Deployment and Operation of Congestion Management Strategies Yes
Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects RAISE (Local & Regional Project Assistance) $15,000 $7,500 Local and Regional Surface Transportation Priorities No
Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects Safe Streets & Roads for All $6,000 $5,000 Vision Zero Planning and Implementation Yes
Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects PROTECT Resilience Grants $1,400 $1,400 Transportation Resilience Planning and Project Implementation Yes
Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects Reconnecting Communities $1,000 $1,000 Removing or Retrofitting Highways to Restore Community Connectivity Yes
Bridge & Highway Rural Surface Transportation Grant Program $2,000 $2,000 Road and Bridge Projects Outside UZAs Greater than $200,000 Yes
Bridge & Highway Charging and Fueling Infrastructure Grants $2,500 $2,500 Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Yes
Bridge & Highway Bridge Investment Program $15,800 $12,500 Bridge Replacement, Rehab, Preservation, Protection Yes
Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects SMART Grants $1,000 $500 Demonstration Projects Utilizing Innovative Technology to Improve Transportation Efficiency and Safety Yes
Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects Intelligent Transportation Systems Program $550 $550 Intelligent Transportation Systems Projects, Including Connected/Autonomous Vehicles No
Safety, Equity, Resilience & Other Local Priority Projects Wildlife Crossings Pilot Program $350 $350 Road Safety Program to Mitigate Wildlife-Vehicle Collisions Yes

* This assumes Congress maintains its historic commitment of approximately $2 billion per year in annual appropriations; Supplemental $8 billion in upfront stimulus.