We distribute money to Bay Area transit agencies from many different sources, including the Federal Transit Administration – or FTA.
The FTA is an agency within the United States Department of Transportation that provides financial and technical assistance to local public transportation systems.
The FTA’s programs provide three important building blocks for MTC’s work to help Bay Area transit agencies maintain and operate their systems.
This program distributes funds to regions based on an urbanized area formula.
FTA identifies 12 urbanized areas in our region — five large and seven small. In large urbanized areas, formula funds generally can be used only for capital investment. In small urbanized areas, these funds can be used for capital investment and for transit operations.
This program provides grants to maintain transit systems in a state of good repair.
These funds may be used only for equipment replacement or rehabilitation, or other capital projects needed to keep transit systems in good repair.
These funds are limited to projects for transit systems such as rail, passenger ferry or bus rapid transit; and for buses that operate in high-occupancy vehicle lanes.
This FTA program provides grants to replace, rehabilitate, and purchase buses and related equipment, or to build bus-related facilities.
The FTA defines five parts of the Bay Area as large urbanized areas.
Transit agencies in these areas typically may use FTA Section 5307 funds only for capital projects:
- San Francisco-Oakland
- San Jose
- Santa Rosa
The FTA defines seven Bay Area communities as small urbanized areas.
Transit operators in these areas may use Section 5307 funds for both capital investments and for operating support:
- Gilroy-Morgan Hill
We help Bay Area transit agencies maintain their systems by tapping federal funds through the Federal Highway Administration’s Transit Capital Rehabilitation program.
This helps supplement the money from FTA Sections 5307, 5337 and 5339 described on this page.